Abidjan - Côte d'ivoire Sofitel Abidjan Hôtel Ivoire
March 28th to 30th, 2017 3 productive days
High level Speakers & Panels
More than 400 high-level experts expected

CIEA 2017

Concept Note

The global economy is in a phase of profound mutationwith the change in geostrategic balances, the emergence of new players, the deepening of the technological revolution and itsconsequences on modes of production and consumption,as well asthe challenges of climate change adaptation. Sub-Saharan Africa(SSA) must find its place in this new changing context. There have been notable advances,with an average economic growth of 5.5% since 2000,aftera long crisisduring the 1980s and 1990s. However, this growth remains lower than that ofemerging or developing countries in Asia (+7.9%).It also appears weakly diversified and veryvulnerable to external shocks, as indicated by its slowdown (+3.8 %) in 2015, after the fall in commodity prices .

Indeed, although this growth was sustained, it was not always accompanied by a dynamic ofstructural transformation and a significant increasein productivity. Likewise, SSA has a lower level of investment than thatofemerging or developing Asia(20.5% forSSA in 2010-2015 as opposed to 41.4% for emerging or developing Asia) ; the same is true for fiscal pressure (21% pour SSA in 2010-2015 as opposed to 25% for emerging or developing Asia).Finally, the impact of this growth onthe living conditionsof the populationsremains limited,even though the human development index (HDI) ofSSAwas only up by 1.47%,on an annual average basis,between 2000 and 2014 .On the various issues mentioned above, the situation is morefavourable for North Africa, even if this part of the continent also faces majorchallengesrelating in particular to the inclusivenessofgrowth.

Africain general, and inSSAin particular,is therefore at acrossroads. In this newcomplex and uncertain environment, it should not only have to reinvent its model of development, but also accelerate its implementation, whilstensuring that it has a human face, is moreinclusive and sustainable,in linewith the principles set out intheAfrican Union’s (AU)Agenda 2063 andin the Agenda 2030 on theSustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Several countriesare showing a real commitment todo so by developing and implementingplans for economic emergence.

A comparative analysis of SSA with the emerging or developing Asia shows that the relative weight of the latter in world GDP (GDP in purchasing power parity)rose from 9% in 1980 to 31% in 2015. Most of this increase was driven by China (17.1% of world GDP in 2015 against 2.3% in 1980) and India (7% of global GDP in 2015 against 2.9% in 1980). Despite having experienced relatively strong growth during this decade, the relative contribution of SSA to the global economy has changed only slightly. Africa’s share in global wealth production only increased from 2.4% in 1980 to 3.1% in 2015 after recording a decline between 1990 (2.7%) and 2000 (2 4%), with increase mainly driven by Nigeria whose share of world GDP rose from 0.6% in 2000 to 0.9% in 2010 following the revision of its national accounts. However, over the same period, the proportion of the African population in the world increased from 8% to 13%. This briefoverview shows that SSA is only at the beginning of its emergence process and the challenges remain still significant.

It is therefore to accompany this dynamic that theInternational Conferenceon the Emergence ofAfrica (ICEA) was initiated, with the aim of supporting andfacilitatingthe buildingof African countries’ capacityto better plan and implement emergence, pool their expertise and document the good practices in the field.

The first edition of theICEA(2015 ICEA), which took place in Abidjan from18 to 20 March 2015, allowed a debate onthree themes: (i) Emergence and the Developmental State, (ii) Changesin Modes of Production andConsumption, and(iii) Emergence andHuman Development. The 2015 ICEA produced a declaration,which recommends, among other things, the organisation every two years of a forum on good practicesas regards emergence and the establishment of aStrategic Monitoring Centre.

Two yearsafter thisfirst edition, andwith a view to ensuring thatthe countries that haveformulat-edplans for emergencehave moved in the right direction, it is important to assess whether the policies undertakenare beginning to have an impact, even if this impact is still at theearlystage. This review will be conducted in a limited number of countries, in order to provide advice to those which are not on the right path or which could be experiencing difficulties inimplementing their plans. This will lay the basis for the peer-review, which will be systematised within the framework of the Initiative for the Emergence ofAfrica.

Furthermore, thiseditionwill provide an opportunity to deepen some important themes for Africa’s emergence. Thesethemeswill be drawn from the lessons learnt from the experiences conducted in some countries, with a view to betterunderstanding the possiblestumbling blocksand to finding the best solutions to address these stumbling blocks.